Fox Broadcasting Company

Fox Broadcasting Company
Type Broadcast television network
Country United States
Availability International
Founded by Barry Diller
Slogan So Fox
Headquarters Los Angeles, California
Area United States
Owner Fox Entertainment Group
(News Corporation)
Key people Peter Rice
Chairman, Entertainment
Kevin Reilly
President, Entertainment
Launch date October 9, 1986 (launch of on-air operations)
April 5, 1987 (primetime launch)
Former names Briefly abbreviated “FBC”
Picture format HD
widescreen in many markets)
Affiliates Lists:
By market
Official website

Fox Broadcasting Company, commonly referred to as the Fox Network or simply Fox (and stylized as FOX),[2][3] is an American commercial broadcasting television network owned by Fox Entertainment Group, part of Rupert Murdoch‘s News Corporation. Launched on October 9, 1986, Fox was the highest-rated broadcast network in the 18–49 demographic from 2004 to 2009.[4] In the 2007–08 season, Fox became the most popular network in America in household ratings for the first time in its history, replacing CBS.[4] CBS took back the top spot in the 2008–09 season.[5]

The Fox Broadcasting Company and its affiliates operate many entertainment channels internationally, although these do not necessarily air the same programming as the U.S. network. Most viewers in Canada have access to at least one U.S. Fox affiliate, although most of Fox’s primetime programming (as well as simultaneous substitution regulations.

The network is named after sister company 20th Century Fox, and indirectly for producer William Fox, who founded one of the movie studio’s predecessors, Fox Film.


[edit] History

20th Century Fox was involved in the television production as early as the 1950s. The company produced several Big Three television networks.

[edit] 1980s: Building a network

Fox network’s foundations were laid in March 1985 by News Corporation’s $250-million purchase of 50 percent of TCF Holdings, the parent company of the 20th Century Fox movie studio. In May 1985, News Corporation agreed to pay $2.55 billion to acquire right of first refusal related to that station’s 1982 sale to Metromedia.

In October 1985, 20th Century Fox announced its intentions to form an independent television system, a Fox Television Stations group.

The network’s first program was a late-night talk show, WCGV-TV, signed affiliation agreements on the condition that they would not have to carry The Late Show due to the program’s ratings weakness.

The network debuted in prime time on April 5, 1987, with the series Married… with Children and The Tracey Ullman Show. It added one new show per week over the next several weeks, with the series 21 Jump Street, Mr. President and Duet completing its Sunday schedule.[8] Beginning on July 11, the network rolled out its inaugural Saturday night schedule with a two-hour movie premiere of Werewolf, and over the next three weeks the series The New Adventures of Beans Baxter, Karen’s Song and Down and Out in Beverly Hills were added. Both Karen’s Song and Down and Out in Beverly Hills were canceled by the start of the 1987–88 television season, the network’s first fall launch, and were replaced by Second Chance and Women in Prison.

The network had already decided to cancel The Late Show, and had a replacement series called The Arsenio Hall Show.

The network added its third night of programming in the America’s Most Wanted which would be a staple combination of programming on the network for just over two decades.

Unlike the three larger networks, which aired prime time programming from 8 to 11 pm Mondays to Saturdays and 7 to 11 pm Sundays, Fox has traditionally avoided programming the 10 pm hour except for special film presentations which by virtue of their running time must spill over into the 10 pm hour and live sports, leaving that hour to affiliates to program locally. The network did schedule programming in the 10 pm hour on Sunday nights between 1989 and 1992, but never added 10 pm programming on any other night.

Except for KDAF (which was sold to Renaissance Broadcasting in 1995 and became a WB affiliate at the same time), all the original stations are still part of the Fox network today. Clarke Ingram, who maintains a memorial website to the failed DuMont Television Network, has suggested that Fox is a revival or at least a linear descendant of DuMont, since Metromedia was spun off from DuMont and Metromedia’s television stations formed the nucleus of the Fox network.[9] WNYW (originally known as WABD) and WTTG were two of the three original owned-and-operated stations of the DuMont network.

Fox is a full member of the National Association of Broadcasters.

[edit] 1990s: Rise into mainstream success

Fox survived where DuMont and other attempts to start a fourth network failed because it programmed just under the number of hours to be legally considered a network by the FCC. This allowed Fox to make money in ways forbidden to the established networks, since during its first years it was considered to be merely a large group of stations. By comparison, DuMont was hampered by numerous regulatory roadblocks, most notably a ban on acquiring more stations since its minority owner, Paramount Pictures owned two television stations. Combined with DuMont’s three television stations, this put DuMont at the legal limit at the time. Also, Murdoch was more than willing to open his wallet to get and keep programming and talent. DuMont, in contrast, operated on a shoestring budget and was unable to keep the programs and stars it had.[10] Most of the other startup networks (such as The WB, UPN and The CW) followed this model as well.

Although Fox was growing rapidly as a network and had established itself as a presence, it was still not considered a major competitor to the O&O). This made Fox one of the largest owners of television stations in the United States.

This all changed when Fox lured the citation needed]

The early and mid-1990s saw the launch of several soap-opera dramas aimed at younger audiences that became quick hits: The X-Files, which would find long-lasting success, and would be Fox’s first series to crack Nielsen’s year-end Top 20.

The sketch-comedy series Jennifer Lopez).

Saturday Night Live for over a decade and the most successful show on Saturday nights. Madtv ended in 2009.

Fox would expand to a full week’s worth of programming in 1993, which included scheduling the breakout hit The Simpsons opposite NBC’s Martin, another Fox hit in 1992. The Simpsons returned to Sunday nights in the fall of 1994, and has been there since.

An attempt to make a larger effort to program Saturday nights by moving Married…with Children, Martin and two other long-forgotten new sitcoms to the night at the beginning of the 1996–97 season backfired with the public, as it resulted in a short cancellation of America’s Most Wanted that was criticized by law enforcement and public officials, and roundly rejected by the viewing public, which brought swift cancellation to the newer series. Married… and Martin quickly returned to their previous nights. Two months later, a revised schedule featuring one new and one encore episode of COPS, and the revived America’s Most Wanted: America Fights Back was launched. Cops and AMW had for many years remained the anchors of the network’s Saturday schedule, making it the most stable night in American broadcast television for over 14 years. America’s Most Wanted ended its 23 year run on Fox in June 2011.[11]

Notable shows that debuted in the late 1990s include the quirky The Simpsons which ranked 17th.

Building around its flagship The Simpsons, Fox has been relatively successful with animated shows. The WB).

Throughout the 1990s, Fox launched its set of cable channels – Fox Deportes).

[edit] 2000–present

Many Fox staple shows of the 1990s had ended. During this time, Fox put much of its efforts into producing reality fare such as When Animals Attack!

After shedding most of these shows, Fox filled its lineup with acclaimed dramas such as citation needed]

Fox hit a milestone in February 2005 by scoring its first-ever [12]

Near the end of the 2000s, Fox launched a few series that proved to be powerful hits in different respects. In 2008, New Girl gave Fox its first ratings successes in live-action comedy in years.

It was estimated in 2003 that Fox was viewable by 96.18% of all U.S. households, reaching a total of 102,565,710 houses in the United States.[13] Fox has 180 VHF and UHF owned-and-operated or affiliate stations in the United States and U.S. possessions.

Analog broadcasting on Fox largely ended on June 12, 2009 as part of the transition to digital television.

As a newer broadcast network, Fox still has a number of digital subchannel of a sister television station in the same market.

[edit] Programming

Fox currently programs 19.5 hours of programming per week. It provides 15 hours of prime time programming to owned-and-operated and affiliated stations: 8–10 p.m. Monday to Saturday (all times ET/PT) and 7–10 p.m. on Sundays. One and a half hours of late night programming is offered on Saturdays from 11:00 pm to 12:30 am Weekend daytime programming consists of the infomercial block Weekend Marketplace (Saturdays from 10:00 am to noon) and the hour-long political news program Fox News Sunday (time slot may vary).

Sports programming is also provided, usually on weekends (albeit not every weekend year-round), and most commonly between 12–4 or 12-8 p.m. on Sundays (during football season, slightly less during NASCAR season) and 3:30–7 p.m. on Saturday afternoons (during baseball season).

Most of its primetime programming is produced by one of the production companies owned by News Corporation, usually Fox Television Studios.

Fox’s weekday programming differs from the “big three” networks in several significant ways: There is no morning newscast, no daytime television, no evening newscast, no third hour of primetime, and no late-night talk shows. Local affiliates either produce their own programming during these times or run syndicated shows.

[edit] News

Unlike the Big Three, Fox does not currently air national morning or evening news programs, choosing to focus solely on their primetime schedule. However, the network’s parent company owns the Fox News Channel, which was launched in 1996 and is now available through virtually all cable and satellite providers in the United States. Fox News does produce some news coverage carried by the broadcast network, usually separate from the coverage aired on the cable channel, as Fox Report and Studio B anchor Shepard Smith anchors most primetime news presentations on the Fox network, especially during political news events (which are anchored by Bret Baier on the Fox News Channel).

Specifically, the Fox network airs coverage of the political convention speeches, which usually occur during the 10:00 pm ET hour when many affiliates air local news. However the majority of Fox’s O&O’s and station groups do take weekday breaking news briefs.)

The public affairs show Fox News Sunday also airs on the Fox network on Sunday mornings and is later repeated on FNC. Finally, the Fox News Edge service provides national and international news reports for local Fox affiliates to use in their own newscasts.

In prime time, Fox first tried its hand at a news show in 1988 with an hour-long weekly newsmagazine called Ron Reagan among its five hosts.

After FNC launched in 1996, the network tried again in 1998 with Fox Files, hosted by Fox News anchors Catherine Crier and Jon Scott, as well as a team of correspondents. It lasted a little over a year before being cancelled. During the sweeps of the 2002–03 TV season, Fox tried another attempt with The Pulse, hosted by Fox News Channel‘s Shepard Smith.

Many Fox stations have a local morning newscast that airs on average three to four hours, including an extra two hours from 7 to 9 am as a local alternative to nationwide morning programming. Fox, however, did air a nationally based morning show called [15]

[edit] Sports

When the network launched, Fox management, having seen the critical role that sports programming (soccer programming in particular) had played in the growth of the British satellite service NFL for the same amount ABC had been paying, about $13 million per game at the time. However, the NFL, in part because Fox had not yet established itself as a major network, renewed its contract with ABC.

Six years later, when the football contract was up for renewal, Fox made a $1.58 billion bid for 4 years of rights to the 1955. The event placed Fox on a par with the “big three” broadcast networks and ushered in an era of growth for the NFL. Fox’s acquisition of the NFL rights also quickly led toward Fox reaching a deal with New World Communications to change the affiliation of 10 of their stations to Fox. The rights gave Fox many new viewers and a platform for advertising its other shows.

With a sports division now established with the arrival of the NFL, Fox acquired over-air broadcast rights to the Rose Bowl, which remained on ABC. The package also included the BCS Championship Game, except in 2010 when the game was played at the Rose Bowl.

In August 2011, Fox and mixed martial arts promotion Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) reached a multi-year deal. The agreement will include four live events in prime time or late night each year, the first time UFC has aired on broadcast television.[16]

[edit] Children’s programming

Fox began airing children’s programming in 1990 when it launched the Fox Kids Network. Its children’s programming featured many cartoons and some live-action series (particularly fantasy action programs) including Batman: The Animated Series, (all of which originated either on Fox Kids or in syndication) moved to Kids’ WB with new productions and original shows included.

Fox would abandon Fox Kids after selling the children’s division and the former Fox Family Channel (now 4Kids Entertainment.

4Kids Entertainment ended its TV block at the end of 2008 due to a payment and distribution dispute with Fox that has since been settled, with a last airing on December 27, 2008.weekly game telecast.

[edit] Video-on-demand services

Fox maintains several venues to watch their network’s programming via Hulu, and offers most of their programming through that service, along with traditional streaming via the network’s Full Episode portal on

The cable version of Fox on Demand usually runs shows within a day of their original airing, with fast forwarding capabilities disabled and the program’s original advertisements as aired presented in this form for a week before direct response advertising replaces the original ads. Hulu and offer their streaming video on an eight-day delay for most viewers currently, due to restrictions put in place by Fox to encourage live or DVR same week viewing via traditional and cable on demand means. Select providers such as Dish Network and Verizon FiOS[19] have made agreements with Fox to allow their subscribers to watch programming the day after on Hulu and if signed in via their ISP accounts, and day after viewing of Fox programming is available on Hulu for paid Hulu Plus subscribers.

[edit] Fox HD

Fox HD logo

Fox began broadcasting in [20]

During some high-profile or live programming such as American Idol and So You Think You Can Dance however, Fox does display their network logo in the 4:3 TV Guide Network). In that case, the Twitter hastag is directly above the Fox logo in the safe area.

Fox is the only commercial television network (broadcast, cable or satellite) to air programs in widescreen on its digital feed that are not available in HD; programs produced in this format were identified as being presented in “Fox High Resolution Widescreen” from 2001 to 2006, but are currently unbranded, and are now confined solely to select reality programming.

Prior to the launch of its HD feed in 2004, some sitcoms and drama series were presented in this format, but now reality, talk, and game shows (American Idol being the lone exception, as it is presented in High Definition) are only presented in the enhanced definition widescreen mode. The children’s sports show This Week in Baseball began being shown in widescreen in 2009, while Sunday political talk program Fox News Sunday converted to HD when Fox News Channel launched their new HD facilities in November 2008 (before the network’s widescreen presentation effort went into effect in September 2010, it was the final Fox News program to be produced to fit the 4:3 safe area, as Fox News Channel itself converted to a full-time widescreen presentation on both their HD and standard definition channels in 2009). MADtv was produced to air only in 4:3 until September 2008, likely due to a mix of stations airing the show at differing times than the mandated 11 pm timeslot and unable to offer it on the live air in 16:9, and the show’s producers not making the switch to the format. The final network show to convert to HD was Family Guy as of their September 26, 2010 episode.

Fox is unique among US broadcasters in distributing its network HD feed over satellite to affiliates as an MPEG transport stream intended to be delivered bit-for-bit to viewers’ television sets. During network time, local commercials are inserted using a transport stream splicer.[21] The affiliates of most other networks decode compressed satellite network video feeds and then re-encode them for final over-the-air emission.

Since late July 2010, when Fox began to broadcast their sports programming with graphics optimized for 16:9 displays rather than the [23] Subsequently a number of Fox O&O’s and affiliates also now send out the AFD No.10 flag over their HD local news and syndicated programming with graphical elements optimized for 16:9 to allow that programming to appear in widescreen format on 4:3 analog sets.

[edit] Branding

[edit] Station standardization

During the early 1990s, Fox began having stations branded as “Fox”, then the channel number, with the call signs nearby. For instance, owned-and-operated stations (“O&O”).

Starting in 2006, more standardization of the O&Os began to take place both on the air and online. All the O&Os began adopting an on-air look more closely aligned with the Fox News Channel. This included changing the logos to the same red, white and blue rotating box logo. After News Corporation’s acquisition of the social networking site Myspace (which it sold in June 2011), some Fox O&Os launched websites that look the same and have similar addresses, such as

[edit] Logos

Over the years, the Fox Broadcasting Company has used a few logos, most of which have the familiar trademark searchlights on either side of “FOX”.

In October 1986, the year of its inaugurating television service, Fox got its first official logo. It was three squares containing the letters “FBC” standing for “Fox Broadcasting Company”; however that logo only lasted for six months and was primarily featured at the beginning of The Late Show with Joan Rivers. On April 5, 1987 (when the network debuted in prime time), a more familiar logo was introduced, which was based on 20th Century Fox’s longtime logo with the noted difference being that the only wording in the logo was the “FOX” in capital letters. It also contained the signature Fox searchlights and the double-pane platform under the “FOX” typing (Fox Movie Channel currently uses a logo also modeled after the 20th Century Fox logo).

In 1993, the familiar logo was given a more “hip” makeover, with the “FOX” wordmark revised, and the angle changed so that the whole logo faces the viewer head-on. Starting with this logo, the network began watermarking their programs on-air (where the company logo is featured on the lower right-hand corner of the screen). The “O” character also was made over, acquiring its trademark pillar-like bowl, which has since become a major focal point for the logo and Fox advertising in lieu of the searchlight motif.

For the 1995-96 television season, the logo was again revised, dropping the searchlights, but keeping the lower double panes and adding one atop. The 1993 logo returned in 1996, this time without the panes underneath the network name, but leaving the searchlights and Fox wordmark.

The current version of the logo was introduced in 2000 when the 20th Century Fox searchlights were removed completely and only the network name was visible. Despite this, the searchlight theme remains an integral part of News Corporation’s Fox branding efforts, still seen in the Fox News Channel logo, and in the new universal station logo utilized by the FTSG stations, those former Fox stations sold to FX‘s logo until a rebranding effort in 2008.

[edit] Differences between Fox and the “Big Three” networks

Fox only airs two hours of network programming during the prime time hours, and three hours on Sundays, compared to the three weeknight and four Sunday night hours broadcast by the Big Three networks. This allows for many of its stations to air local news during the 10 pm (eastern) time slot. Fox’s original reason for the reduced number of prime time hours was to avoid fulfilling the FCC’s requirements at the time to be considered a network,[24] and to be free of resulting regulations, though FCC rules have been relaxed since then.

Fox also does not air soap operas or any other network daytime programming, such as game shows or talk shows, despite being a major network. Because of this, affiliates have more time for syndicated programming. Currently, Fox produces two syndicated daytime courtroom shows, Judge Alex.

[edit] Local news

At least half of Fox’s 180 affiliates and owned-and-operated stations air a local newscast in the 10–11 p.m. MT) time slot. Fundamentally, the newscast schedules on Fox stations vary significantly from station to station compared to affiliates of ABC, CBS and NBC, which typically carry a minimum of 3½ hours of news programming daily in morning, late afternoon and late evening dayparts. Some Fox stations have a newscast schedule similar to many affiliates of either of the three networks that predate the launch of Fox, along with the added 10 p.m. late newscast, a weekday morning newscast extended by two to three hours and an early evening newscast that is extended by a half-hour (newscasts in the latter two timeslots generally compete with the national morning and evening newscasts on the Big Three networks), while others only have a half-hour or hour-long 10 p.m. newscast.

Portland and WSVN.

Many Fox stations that have started news departments from scratch typically do not run a full slate of newscasts as its larger affiliate competitors do, standardly launching with a primetime newscast in the network’s recommended late news time period and then gradually adding newscasts in morning, midday and other evening timeslots; Fox has recommended its affiliates to carry more newscasts (especially ones in midday and early evening time slots) for several years, prior to the formation of Fox News Channel. Only a few station groups (other than the Clear Channel Communications).

The Fox affiliate body features fewer stations that produce their own newscasts in comparison to stations aligned with NBC, ABC and CBS, whose vast majority of their affiliates operate their own news departments. In certain markets, a Fox affiliate may outsource news programming to an NBC, ABC or CBS station in the market (either due to insufficient funds for production of their own newscasts or the station being operated under a News Central division folded. Fox affiliates that have their newscasts produced by another area station tend to have fewer hours devoted to news than their Big Three counterparts (generally limited to one evening newscast and a one- or two-hour weekday morning newscast) with little to no expansion into other timeslots due to the contracting station choosing to not carry newscasts on the Fox station in timeslots that compete with their own (which differs from outsourcing agreements between two stations affiliated with either of the three pre-1986 broadcast networks where both stations may simulcast local news programs in the same timeslots).

A scant number of stations affiliated with Fox do not carry any local newscasts and air Toronto that produce local newscasts already.

[edit] Controversy

[edit] News

Although the Fox network itself does not carry any national, regularly scheduled news programming other than Fox News Sunday, both this program and the network’s breaking-news coverage are produced by the Fox News Channel, and are regular subjects of controversy. The network has also received some criticism for deciding not to carry scheduled news events such as presidential speeches at times in primetime in order to air regular entertainment programming (such as a speech in September 2009 which would have jeopardized the long-promoted fall premiere of Glee had it aired).

[edit] Indecency

Controversy surrounded the network in 2002 and 2003 over obscenities, expressed respectively by [33]

The [41]

[edit] International broadcasts

[edit] Canada

Like simultaneous substitutions imposed by the provider that result in the American signal being replaced with programming from a Canadian network if both happen to air a particular program in the same time period.

[edit] Caribbean

In the Caribbean, many cable television and satellite television providers offer Fox programming through Bermuda on cable television.

[edit] Asia Pacific

[edit] Guam

Fox programming is shown on Guam.

[edit] American Samoa

In Honolulu.

[edit] Federated States of Micronesia

Fox is available on cable television in the KHON.

[edit] Europe

[edit] Bulgaria

In October 15 the channel has air in Bulgaria. FOX Bulgaria will join the famous collection of television channels in the distribution company Fox International Channels, which is present in Bulgaria markets since 2005. Among them are entertainment channels Fox Life, Fox Crime, documentary channels National Geographic Channel and Nat Geo Wild, the only channel dedicated to cooking 24KITCHEN, news channel Sky News and Channel for the youngest BABY TV.

[edit] Latvia

Start airing in Latvia on October 1, 2012.

[edit] Serbia

On October 15, 2012 the Serbia markets since 2005. year. Among them are entertainment channels Fox Life, Fox Crime and Fox Movies, documentary channels National Geographic Channel and Nat Geo Wild, the only channel dedicated to cooking 24KITCHEN, news channel Sky News and Channel for the youngest BABY TV.

[edit] Croatia

Started on October 15, 2012.

[edit] See also

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ “News Corporation”. 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  2. ^ Win (and Loss) for ‘Idol’ – The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
  3. ^ Jackson excited by Fox show’s changes, Hub talent – Boston Herald. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
  4. ^ Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  5. ^ “”. May 27, 2009. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  6. ^ dead link]
  7. dead link]
  8. ^ “A Fool’s Utopia 3.11.10: A Look at FOX Sundays”. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
  9. ^ “The DuMont Television Network: Channel Nine”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  10. ^ Heldenfels, R. D. (1994) Television’s Greatest Year: 1954. New York: Continuum, pg 79–80. ISBN 0-8264-0675-0
  11. ^ “The Dramatic Re-Enactment Transcript”. On The Media. 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  12. ^ de Moraes, Lisa. “David Cook Wasn’t the Only Winner on Wednesday, as ‘Idol’ Ratings Spike”. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  13. ^ “”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  14. ^ Official Website : Where To Watch?
  15. ^ “”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  16. ^ “It’s Official: UFC and Fox Are Now in Business Together”. 2011-08-18. Retrieved 011-08-18.
  17. dead link]
  18. ^ By (November 23, 2008). “”. Variety. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  19. ^ “Fox Expands On Demand Deals: Agreements with Verizon and Mediacom will give their subscribers next day VOD and online access to Fox’s primetime programming”, Broadcasting & Cable, October 25, 2011.
  20. ^ Ausiello, Michael (TVLine). “Fox Launches Spoilerific Twitter Campaign For Glee, Bones, Fringe and More”. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  21. ^ “Fox stations to splice HD feed at local level”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  22. ^ Fox Sports taking a wider view of football – JSOnline
  23. ^ Forums – View Single Post – MLB on FOX6
  24. ^ “UCLA TV Violence Monitoring Project: Operating Premises and Stipulations”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  25. ^ Parloff, Roger. Bleep Deprivation. Fortune: March 19, 2007.
  26. ^ “Fox Awards Show Crosses Decency Line” (Press release). Parents Television Council. December 11, 2003. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved December 8, 2007.
  27. ^ Bozell, L. Brent III (December 19, 2003). “Fast-Flying F-Words”. Parents Television Council. Archived from the original on May 25, 2006. Retrieved December 8, 2007.
  28. ^ TV’s Worst Clips, 2001–2004. Parents Television Council
  29. ^ “PTC Calls Fox Apology a Sham” (Press release). Parents Television Council. December 12, 2003. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved December 8, 2007.
  30. ^ Fox mulls 5-minute delay to squash dirty words. Media Life Magazine: January 27, 2004.
  31. ^ “”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  32. ^ Labaton, Stephen. Court Rebuffs F.C.C. on Fines for Indecency (page 2 of 2). The New York Times: June 5, 2007
  33. ^ “8958.exe” (PDF). Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  34. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  35. ^
  36. ^ “PTC list of Best and Worst shows of the 1996–97 TV season”. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  37. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
  38. ^ “Content from the March 24, 2004 episode of “That ’70s Show””. March 24, 2004. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  39. ^ “FCC Fine of FOX’s “Married by America” a Victory for America’s Families” (Press release). Parents Television Council. October 12, 2004. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
  40. dead link]
  41. ^ Fox “Worst of the Week” articles by Parents Television Council during the middle of 2004:

[edit] References

[edit] External links

Source: Wikipedia